Drug Treatment - Cytostatics
Cytostatics, which destroy cancer cells, play a central role in the type of cancer treatment known as chemotherapy.
Cytostatics are administered intravenously or in tablet form and are carried in the blood circulation to all parts of the body. Cytostatics act in a variety of ways, but all of them are aimed at destroying cancer cells by inducing changes in the cells’ genes or metabolism. Cytostatics affect all dividing cells in the body. Cancer tissue usually has a considerably higher cell division rate than normal tissue, and cancer cells are therefore exposed to significantly greater damage.
Cytostatic chemotherapy is repeated at regular intervals to ensure that the cancer tissue does not recover between treatments while healthy tissue does. As a result, the number of cancer cells decreases with each treatment cycle. If they are few in number (e.g. the small number of cancer cells remaining after surgical tumour removal), the patient may be completely cured of cancer.
The duration of cancer chemotherapy varies individually depending on whether the patient is receiving adjuvant therapy following surgery or radiotherapy, or whether the cancer is metastatic and has spread to other organs. In the former case, cancer chemotherapy typically lasts 4 to 6 months.
In cancer treatment the results are closely monitored by means of imaging (radiological scans). With some cancers, tumour biomarkers may be measured from a blood sample. The levels of biomarkers in blood vary depending on cancer activity.
In practice, intravenous chemotherapy is usually repeated every three weeks. However, in some cases treatment may be given as often as once a week. Each cytostatic agent is administered in a manner that experience has shown to be safe. Administration takes anything from 30 minutes to several hours. Treatment is often closely accompanied by a combination of premedications used to reduce adverse effects. Intravenous fluid administration is also common.
At Docrates Cancer Center, cancer chemotherapy is administered by experienced and specially trained nurses under the immediate supervision of a physician. The nurses also provide patients with information and guidance. They monitor the patient’s condition between treatments and answer any questions, for example on how to alleviate the adverse effects of chemotherapy.
One type of cancer is distinct from others due to its painfulness—these everyday methods can alleviate the pain, and sauna is not necessarily one of them
As cancer becomes metastasised, it typically causes more pain. Oncologist Olga Maslennikova from Docrates Cancer Center shares the best ways...Read more
Christmas and public holiday opening hours
Docrates is open, and we are here for you even during Christmas time. See our Christmas and public holiday opening...Read more
Confusion and fear of death are present when a cancer diagnosis is made
Looking after the mental well-being of someone who has been diagnosed with cancer is an essential part of recovery from...Read more
Physical activity can improve the quality of life of cancer patients and the effectiveness of cancer drugs
Physical activity can considerably improve cancer patients’ quality of life. “Improvement in the quality of life was clearly demonstrated in...Read more
Why come to Docrates Cancer Center?
- Top cancer experts and effective treatments without delay even during epidemic.
- Individual care. You have your own care team - your doctor and your nurse.
- Front line cancer treatment. Latest medical technology combined with proven expertise in cancer care.
- Experience in treating international patients from over 60 countries. Multilingual personnel.