Individual treatment of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer treatment is always designed individually according to the characteristics of the disease. The choice of treatment is influenced by other possible diseases, possible references to so-called high-risk prostate cancer, the results of prevalence studies and, of course, the patient's own wishes.
After developing prostate cancer, many patients face a challenging situation with different treatment options. When weighing different treatments, it is important that diagnostic tests and treatment recommendations are based on the latest medical research evidence and perceived data. At Docrates Cancer Center, the patient and relatives are always given special consideration when discussing different treatment options, their advantages and disadvantages.
Local or locally advanced prostate cancer can be increasingly cured with radiation therapy. Radiation therapy has established itself as an effective treatment for prostate cancer in the 21st century. Surgery can also be curative if the cancer is completely localized.
Leaving prostate cancer to active monitoring is controversial in local low-risk prostate cancer in light of current knowledge.
Indeed, individual studies, such as cancer gene profiling, may provide indications of new cancer therapies worth experimenting with. At Docrates Cancer Center knowledge on cancer gene profiling has been utilized already for a long time.
Radiation therapy is an effective form of treatment for prostate cancer
Depending on the characteristics of prostate cancer, radiation therapy can be tailored in many different ways. There are several different techniques to choose from in external radiotherapy, and radiotherapy can also be given as interstitial form or radiotherapy (HDR brachytherapy). In aggressive cancers, the best treatment outcome is most likely to be obtained by combining external beam radiotherapy with high-dose HDR brachytherapy. Based on risk factors, radiotherapy can also be combined with cancer drugs.
To minimize the side effects of radiotherapy for prostate cancer, we at Docrates can utilize a new product called SpaceOAR Hydrogel as part of the care for a prostate cancer patient receiving radiotherapy. SpaceOar of the prostate and the rectum injectable gel that moves the rectum off the prostate immediate vicinity. During radiotherapy, the radiation dose to the rectum is significantly reduced, which means that men, for example, do not develop long-term diarrhea, which is quite common in the past.
However, SpaceOAR doesn`t suit every patient or isnt´t necessary for every patient. Designated doctor makes the decision on the use of SpaceOAR individually together with the patient.
Depending on the individual’s needs, the patient may also be advised to visit a urotherapist, physiotherapist or, for example, a specialist in nutrition or sexual therapy. They can provide home care instructions, for example, for recovery exercises and general well-being.
Prostate cancer drug treatments
Most commonly, drug treatment is given in advanced prostate cancer, but also in high-risk local cancers as adjunctive therapy.
New drugs are often also suitable for elderly patients, with other diseases, and for use as part of combination therapies. These new prostate cancer drugs are often both more effective and better tolerated than previous drugs, and can also be effective when previous drugs have already lost their effectiveness. New drugs can relieve symptoms, slow the progression of the disease, especially in the bones, and prolong life. At Docrates we utilize the newest drug treatments available.
Widespread prostate cancer requires multidisciplinary experience and several different treatments
Advanced prostate cancer can be treated effectively, and treatment should always be individually planned. First-line treatment always includes drug therapy, most commonly hormonal therapy and chemotherapy, or a combination, and often a bone-strengthening drug if the cancer has spread widely to the bone.
In addition to traditional prostate cancer therapies, we use isotope therapies such as radium-223 and samarium therapy. As the newest entrant, we started 177-lutetium-PSMA treatments in early 2017. 177-lutetium-PSMA treatments also allow for the effective destruction of extra-skeletal metastases without serious side effects, whereas isotope treatment with a radiopharmaceutical applied to the skeleton (radium or samarium) has been shown to be effective and safe when the metastases are only in the skeleton.
The VISION study results* were presented in ESMO2021 conference: the results showed that treatment with 177-lutetium-PSMA significantly improved overall survival (OS) in patients with PSMA-positive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
*Publiced in NEJM September 2021
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Why come to Docrates Cancer Center?
- Top cancer experts and effective treatments without delay.
- Individual care. You have your own care team - your doctor and your nurse.
- Front line cancer treatment. Latest medical technology combined with proven expertise in cancer care.
- Experience in treating international patients from over 60 countries. Multilingual personnel.